What is Alopecia?
Alopecia (areata) is a condition in which hair is lost from some areas, with no visible inflammation.
Alopecia is considered to be an autoimmune disease with a predictable course of development. Ache or pruritus may coexist.
The condition affects both men and women, most commonly in childhood or adolescence (< 25 years).
Alopecia areata: Hair loss that can affect every hairy area of the body, most commonly affecting scalp. Alopecia can be classified as:
• Alopecia Areata: hair loss in circular or oval patches
• Alopecia Totalis: loss of scalp hair and eyebrow hairs
• Alopecia Universalis: loss of all body hair (rare)
There are certain therapeutic options available with temporary treatment efficacy: corticosteroid medications (oral, topical or injectable), systemic ciclosporin and other immunosuppressive therapies.
Laboratory tests along with the investigation of the patient’s psychological profile assist the dermatologist to evaluate and assess the specific causes of the condition.